Institute of Marriage

Research & Studies

Calling Something a Marriage Does Not Make It a Marriage


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Since America’s founding marriage

has been an institution between a man

and a woman. As a critical piece of our culture, traditional marriage

has been the center of all that

cultivates a family—second to none

the living spirit of man and woman taking

its instinctive course.



God intended marriage to be a permanent, intimate bond between

a man and a woman; that they

may be capable of satisfying each other’s emotional and sexual needs

and of providing children.



On June 26, 2015, the U.S. Supreme

Court held in a 5-4 decision that same-sex marriage is protected under the

Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses

of the Fourteenth Amendment; in doing

so changed the definition of marriage.

Rev. Franklin Graham

Christian Evangelist

and Missionary

“Our country may have made same-sex marriage legal in the eyes of man, but that doesn’t make it right in the eyes of God.”


“The President had the White House lit up in rainbow colors to celebrate the Supreme Court ruling on same-sex marriage. This is outrageous—a real slap in the face to the millions of Americans who do not support same-sex marriage and whose voice is being ignored. God is the one who gave the rainbow, and it was associated with His judgment.”

Jonathan AC Brown

American Scholar of

Islamic Studies

“Marriage is nothing more than, literally a contract between a man and a woman in which the man provides the woman with financial support in return for exclusive sexual access. […] Since marriage is a contract premised on vaginal intercourse and financial obligation between a man and a woman, same-sex couples could not engage in one. They could construct an arrangement for inheritance and shared property that mimicked marriage, but it would not be marriage.”

“[B]because the Torah teaches us that marriage is between a man and a woman, those male-female unions are the only marriages or formal public unions one finds performed in the Torah community, from time immemorial.”

- Rabbi Dov Fischer

“Judaism views marriage as a sacred responsibility, not only between the partners, but also between the couple and the larger community. Our Movement recognizes and celebrates marriages, whether between partners of the same sex or the opposite sex.”

 - Rabbinical Assembly, June 2013

“The Jewish tradition has a long history of wrestling with questions of how we define love, family and sexuality. It is impossible to offer a single monolithic answer to the question of same-gender marriage.”

- Rabbi Mark Greenspan

“I can't put my name on a license that doesn't represent what God ordained marriage to be."


Kim Davis, Rowan County Clerk, Kentucky.

“American Muslims should welcome marriage equality because, after nearly 240 years, the U.S. political system has delivered for some what was promised to all Americans by the Constitution: equality under the law. In fact, it offers us an opportunity to demand that the same equality be extended to members of religious and racial minorities.”

American Muslims Should Welcome

Same-Sex Marriage Ruling

Al Jazeera America, July 15, 2015.

The Navajo Nation and other Indian Tribes do not recognize and even ban gay marriages, and are not bound by the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision stating otherwise.


Gay Marriage is Legal but Not on Tribal Lands, Associated Press, November 27, 2015.


Institute of Marriage

Research & Studies

Calling Something a Marriage Does Not Make It a Marriage